Combining Stormwater Management and Park Services to Mitigate Climate Change and Improve Human Well-Being: A Case Study of Sponge City Parks in Shanghai

Peihao Tong, Hongxi Yin, Ian Trivers (all Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts), 9/22

WashU Affiliated Authors: Peihao Tong, Hongxi Yin, Ian Trivers (all Sam Fox School of Design & Visual Arts)

Abstract: Due to climate change and rapid urbanization, contemporary cities face the dual challenges of providing sufficient stormwater management and adequate park services, which potentially conflict over limited space and resources. To solve these problems, cities are increasingly combining stormwater infrastructure with park space in ways that create new efficiencies. To date, most research has focused on the stormwater management performance aspect of these combinations and not the techniques employed to achieve the combined goals. To fill this gap, 23 sponge city parks in Shanghai were investigated to examine the combination of stormwater and park services. Our findings show that stormwater techniques were primarily combined with the park facilities of water areas, paved open spaces, and pathways. Additionally, we found that larger parks employed a wider range of techniques for managing stormwater runoff and supported broader sets of park activities, while those at smaller scales prioritized infiltration, detention, and purification measures, as well as concentrated on social and economic activities. This study is the first to explore SPC parks that integrate stormwater management and park services, thereby providing implications for SPC development in China and insights into the ways that the two properties can be combined in other cities.

Citation/DOI: Tong, P.; Yin, H.; Wang, Z.;Trivers, I. Combining StormwaterManagement and Park Services toMitigate Climate Change andImprove Human Well-Being: A CaseStudy of Sponge City Parks inShanghai. Land 2022, 11, 1589.